State of Tripura is endowed with natural landscape of hilly terrain, green
vegetation, flowing rivers. The ethnic diversity of the state offers diverse
lifestyle and culture. The tourism industry in the state could well become
an organised sector with significant potentiality. The major focus of
tourism in the state however was largely publicised in the area of wildlife
tourism and related fields. Due to restrictive procedure regarding entry,
area permit has been a major limiting factor for augmentation of tourism.
This has since been lifted in 1995.
Table-74 : Tourists spots in Tripura
current status of the government sponsored facilities vis-à-vis total
number of tourists visiting the State could be seen in Table-75 and Table-76.
for Tourism under Public Sector
Directorate of Economics and Statistics, 1998-99]
total number of beds in the entire public sector run facilities is 322.
In addition another 40 beds are going to be commissioned very soon at
different tourist centers. The number of tourists could indicate the extent
of increasing demand even at the present level.
number in Tripura
of the major limitations for promotion of tourism appears to be the cost
of travel from Calcutta. Though tourism has been declared as “Industry”
in the State but private entrepreneurs are yet to actively associate themselves
in the travel trade, which is required to be persuaded. Scope for group
tourism and package may offer a better deal. At present package and conducted
tours are being organised regularly by the Tourism Department to get the
overcome the impediment of transport communication air communication between
Kolkata-Agartala, Agartala-Guwahati, Agartala-New Delhi are required to
be increased. The Airport in Kailashahar, North Tripura District required
to be upgraded and make functional with immediate effect, so that small
aricraft can operate and connect the Nprth Eastern State with Agartala.
In addition at least one flight in a week in between Dhaka- Agartala be
introduced to get foreign tourists from Bangladesh. If a Regional
Tourist circuits is introduced involving Bangladesh, North Eastern
States including Tripura, Bagdogra, Darjeeling, Sikkim, Nepal and Bhutan
is introduced then the tourism scenario in Tripura would get a tremendous
boost for achieving socio-economic development through its multi plied
to Tripura can be efficiently planned, specially under guided programme
both for promotion of tourism and conservation of environment through
Carrying Capacity &
Environmental Implication of Tourism
tourist data shows that steady increase of number of tourist visited in
the State. This figure shows that the State has a prospect of tourism
growth. The environmental implication of the further growth of tourism
industry in the State, however need to be understand the following parameters:
Increased pressure on the carrying
capacity of the ecosystem in each tourist locality.
Increased transport and construction
lead to large scale deforestation and land use change.
Increased tourist flow leads to
increase in solid waste dumping as well as depletion of water and fuel
Flow of tourists to ecologically
sensitive areas lead to destruction of rare and endangered flora and fauna
due to trampling, killing, destruction of breeding habitat.
Noise pollution from vehicle,
water pollution, vehicular emission, untreated sewage and waste, etc.
will increase with additional tourist traffic.
For integrated development of tourism sector, adequate monitoring of each of the above parameters are to be ensured.