Urban Land Use Plans in the State suffers from lack of appropriate land use map, showing contour line. It is therefore recommended that:
· Topographical map showing contour lines be prepared for the capital city of Agartala and all district head quarters, followed by zoning system.
· All drainage schemes may be based on such topographical maps to utilize natural gradient and to avoid periodic flooding due to faulty, sectoral planning.
The Town and Country Planning Department may either entrust
the work to the Geological Survey of India, Tripura State Centre or to
National Atlas and Thematic Mapping Organization with head quarters at
The State lacks a Wetland Policy, which has led to conversion
of prime wetlands for non- wetland purposes. It is therefore recommended
to ban all conversion of wetlands of the size of five cottah or above,
(man-made or natural), which are useful for drainage, ground water recharging,
pisciculture, fire fighting, microclimate – stability, bathing and other
The limitation of current land use for productive agriculture is reflected in medium to severe erosion of land largely attributed to water and shifting cultivation. Soil conservation programme in the State should be focussed on:
· Major thrust should be given for effective implementation of Watershed Development project in Shifting Cultivation Area. Available data shows that by end of 2001 only 50% of targeted area have been covered, with completion date being fixed at 31 March 2002.
· More Strategic planning and timely release of fund along with a monitoring system for progress in field based work is essential for soil conservation.
· A cartographic support system is recommended for effective planning to conserve the vital resources, including use of Remote Sensing data.
· Soil conservation in upper catchment area is urgently needed.
· To implement effective forest protection measure, more extensive Joint Forest management (JFM) strategy should be adopted with a notion of benefit sharing.
Special task force should be created to stop forest produces being smuggled to Bangladesh.
· Effective communication system should be established to detect and prevent forest fire. Forest department personnel should be provided with fire fighting training and equipment. In areas managed by JFM, members of forest protection committees should be given incentives to combat forest fire.
· A plan to gradually sterilize unproductive cattle and introduce better breed with lesser number of cattle head should be initiated by Animal Husbandry Department in collaboration with Forest Department to control grazing in forest land.
The State level Biodiversity assessment shows rich assemblage of species with significant genetic diversity in agricultural crops including paddy. The action plan for conservation of biodiversity should focus on:
· Habitat Conservation of rare and endangered flora.
· Systematic development of medicinal plant garden in each of four districts of Tripura.
· On farm conservation of major rice varieties in Government Agricultural Farms, in collaboration with Regional ICAR centre, to propagate indigenous rice varieties through selective breeding: Millet, Maize, Sesame, Pulses of indigenous varieties should also be conserved through on farm programme.
· Of the vegetable and fibre crops, genetic diversity in brinjal, chillies, cucurbits, sweet potatoes, plants of Aracaceae, Diascoraceae, cotton, jute and mesta should be equally conserved through a master plan of State Government, specially in State Agricultural Farms.
· Habitat of identified Rare, Endangered and Vulnerable species of fishes should be protected along with a ban on catching such species (identified by Zoological Survey of India) through State level law.
· Legal measures to notify all the four sanctuaries (covering 6% of the geographical area) should be completed as required U/S 26(A) of Wildlife (Protection) Act of India, 1972, for effective management.
Considering extensive use of High Yielding Varieties and trend of homogenizing agriculture, promotion of indigenous varieties of crops through seed bank is deemed essential. It is recommended that:
· A new “seed policy” to collect and preserve seeds of major indigenous varieties of crops is called for. The method of on-farm conservation and setting up of regional seed bank should be given priority. Deputy Director in-charge of Seed related issues in the State Agriculture Department may be entrusted to draw a plan with appropriate financial support for implementation during 10th Five Year Plan onward.
· In view of lack of reliable data on use of pesticides sold through private enterprises, the State Agriculture Department should make it mandatory for such dealers to file annual returns. Such returns may provide data both on quantity and quality of pesticides used in the State and help to monitor extent of use of banned pesticides or undesirable persistant organic pollutant (POP’S).
· Fisheries potential of the State needs an in depth study, both in terms of Capture and Culture fisheries, along with identification of more potential fishing areas, identification of inland fisheries development zone and expansion of co-operative fisheries societies movement.
view of increasing awareness about value of genetic resources for sustainable
development, the promotion of Hydel power project (which often leads to
submergence of prime forest) should be gradually shifted to other energy
sources. It is recommended that:
power generation be based on gas fired power plant, increasing the current
level of 78% to at least 90% and above. The potential of use of natural
gas fired plant in the field of generation of electricity being well established
a time bound master plan is essential.
wood based biomass, Gasifier Power Plant should be extensively promoted
in remote areas. Such project can be linked up with participatory energy
plantation, for units up to 500 KW.
strict monitoring for implementation of other projects involving renewable
energy is recommended to ensure targeted achievement.
view of the land locked condition of the State and severe constraints
in transport sector, more transport facilities are needed. But keeping
in view the environmental impact, following recommendations are made:
Railway Project through prime forest and land-slip prone zone should be
allowed without a detailed Environment Impact Assessment study and Environment
other alternative route can be utilized, State Government should insist
of realigning project in order to save ecologically fragile zone.
detailed feasibility study for development of intra state road communication,
along with EIA and EMP, should be undertaken; in view of only 20% of present
road network being black topped, steps should be taken to convert the
road -network into an all weather category.
extensive infrastructure development project starting with road network
may help to boost the economy by enabling biological produces to reach
major markets in shortest possible time.
view of thrust on several tourism development projects in future, following
recommendations are made:
Development Master Plan should focus on the Eco tourism concept, especially
in Forest, Lakes and Cultural Heritage Sites.
tourism should be promoted with adequate infrastructure support. All tourist
spots authority should have a plan for proper disposal of solid waste
and wastewater. A carefully drawn location-specific plan is essential
to achieve such objectives.
investment in Tourism sector may be encouraged but it should be within
the ambit of Principles of Eco tourism.
population profile of Tripura shows a total of 19 tribal groups, who were
provided needed support since 5th Five-Year Plan (before 1980).
However, considering the dependency of these “ecosystem people” on Natural
Resources, the following recommendations are made:
information on investment for Agriculture, Health, Nutrition, Education,
Soil Conservation, Rehabilitation of Jhumia, Development of Handicraft
etc. along with year wise achievement figures, may be generated. This
is to assess the impact of investment on Indigenous Peoples’ development
and expected decline on dependency on Natural Resources.
view of Population-Poverty-Pollution linkages, programmes of poverty alleviation
need to be critically assessed and implemented with a rigor.
view of the lack of adequate data on Public Health, the following recommendations
Private clinics and Nursing Homes may be made to submit an annual return
of patients admitted, categories of diseases, treated including communicable
diseases, in a given format. Such data can be combined with the data from
Government Health Centre / Hospitals by Health Statistical Unit of State
on occupational health hazards being lacking, a
system of collecting and collating such data on an annual basis should
be implemented in collaboration with Industries and Labour Departments.
Data on occupational health hazards being lacking,
a system of collecting and collating such data on an annual basis should be implemented in collaboration with Industries and Labour Departments.
of water borne diseases is recommended by improvement of drinking water
quality. A wide spread mass education and awareness programme offering
cheapest method of household level drinking water treatment is essential,
to ensure potability of water.
current figures for Doctors / Nurses / Midwives per 1000 population appear
alarmingly low. Incentives to undertake such work from personnel of other
state (Doctors) and extensive training and employment for Nurses and Midwives
are considered vital for Health Care System in the State. Special funding
support for improvement of Health Care System from the World Bank / Asian
Development Bank may be sought as a part of Environment Improvement Programme
for Sustainable Development.
ambitious plan for Integrated Development of small and medium town need
to be based on appropriate land
use map. Use of Remote
Sensing data for proper planning is also recommended.
The ambitious plan for Integrated Development of small and medium town need to be based on appropriate
land use map. Use of
Remote Sensing data for proper planning is also recommended.
Capital City development scheme also suffers from proper land use map,
which is urgently needed. A realistic estimate of sector wise percentage
of area occupied (Residential, Commercial, Institutional, Recreational,
Road etc.) as on the end of 20th Century is also lacking, but
drainage scheme and road improvement programme should be based on contour
While environmental quality in the State appears largely within permissible limits, steps are to be taken with regard to the specific areas mentioned bellow:
· The air quality level during Summer shows higher concentration of SPM, RPM and NOx in 20% –25% of sampling sites. Regular monitoring of automobile emission and industrial emissions are to be made, especially in the Capital Township area.
· River Water quality appears to contain bacterial load much above the permissible limit. The pollution can only be checked by providing adequate sanitation facilities in the human settlements along the river - course, to prevent pollution at source. Village level awareness campaign can be launched through educational institutional network by TSPCB.
dangerous level of phenolic compound and oil and grease in the pond water
in Capital City calls for strict vigilance over the units discharging
such material, violating existing laws. A "Polluters Pay" principle
should be adopted to clean up selected ponds and punitive action against
polluting units are to be taken.
A dangerous level of phenolic compound and oil and grease in the pond water in Capital City calls for strict vigilance over the units discharging such material, violating existing laws. A "Polluters Pay" principle should be adopted to clean up selected ponds and punitive action against polluting units are to be taken.
Industrial Units (eg. Ramakrishna Engineering Works, Agartala, Dairy Unit
at Indranagar) should be cautioned against discharge of effluent contributing
to high level of BOD and fecal and total coliform bacteria. If not heeded,
appropriate legal steps should be taken according to extant law.
State Government should take steps to keep the members of the community
aware about ill effects of high noise - level on human physiology including
hearing capacity. This should be followed by taking stringent steps to
control noise pollution at source by adopting laid down legal provisions
of Government of India.
The State Government should take steps to keep the members of the community aware about ill effects of high noise - level on human physiology including hearing capacity. This should be followed by taking stringent steps to control noise pollution at source by adopting laid down legal provisions of Government of India.
the provision under notification issued for Management of Hazardous Chemicals,
a special advisory and monitoring committee may be constituted to oversee
implementation of the law in six identified areas in the State of Tripura,
viz., Gas gathering station, Drug intermediaries, Unit Latex producing
units, LPG bottling plants, Bottling plants for alcoholic beverages and
Gas distributions pipelines.
Waste Management system lack adequate infrastructural support and steps
should be taken to draw a master plan for the Capital City and the district
head quarters for proper quantification, segregation and disposal. Involvement
of consultant and local NGO’s is recommended.
no appropriate system exists for disposal of biomedical waste (29870 kg
/ year). Steps should be taken to strictly follow GOI notification on
handling, quantification, segregation and disposal of biomedical waste
as per stipulated guidelines. Involvement of consultants and local level
NGO's may be most useful to implement the process.
Currently no appropriate system exists for disposal of biomedical waste (29870 kg / year). Steps should be taken to strictly follow GOI notification on handling, quantification, segregation and disposal of biomedical waste as per stipulated guidelines. Involvement of consultants and local level NGO's may be most useful to implement the process.
an inventory of hazardous waste has recently been prepared for the state,
no effective plan for handling and disposal exist till date. The State
Government could appoint an expert committee under TSPCB to monitor and
implement the scheme for appropriate disposal of hazardous waste following
view of lack of any concerted effort to introduce component of environmental
education at primary, secondary and higher secondary level, it is recommended
to organize training programmes for selected teachers from each of the
districts from all the three streams; this should be followed by preparation
of appropriate text and work-study programme, which could be followed
by the trained teachers. The entire programme may be implemented with
assistance from consultants, preferably using local language for preparation
of Text, Manuals and training of teachers.