order to stop further concentration of population and consequent convergence
of various functions and activities around Agartala and ensuring homogeneous
development, there is a need to develop and guide the future settlement
development of the State. As one of the important objectives of Regional
Plan is the optimal utilisation of land, the proposed character of the
settlement aims at clustered or compact development rather than haphazard
conurbation or scattered constructions. Clustered approach also help in
optimisation of the investment in infrastructure, such as water supply,
sanitation, roads, drainage on the one hand and social amenities such
as Water Supply,Sanitation,roads,drainage on the one hand and social ameneties
such as educational, health and recreational facilities on the other.The
hierarchy as well as expansion of settlement is based on their potential
for growth as well as their centrality with respect to their hinterland.
There are 85% of rural settlements in Tripura having population below
500 and 7% of settlements having even less than 50 persons. It is neither
economically viable nor ecologically feasible to provide each and every
settlement with all infrastructure facilities. Therefore, central villages
will play a key role in the dissemination of certain standard of quality
of lije to its hinterland.
The settlement hierarchy proposed by the Town and Country Planning Organization
(TCPO) for rural development consists of the basic village, service village,
service town and market town with broad norms and standards as given below.
These norms and standards, however, may vary based on diversity in landscape,
and its characteristics, types of settlements etc.
1. Basic Villages:
The size of the basic village has been determined
based on the size of a standard family at 15 acres per family and the
minimum population required to support a primary school with 125 pupils,
which has been worked out to be in the range of 1,000 and 1,200 persons.
At 15 acres per family, the f~rm space for 200 farm families would work
out to 3,000 acres, i.e. an area of 4.69 sq. miles or 12.15 sq.km. This
means no field would be on an average be at a distance of more than 1.25
miles or 2 km
2. Service Village:
The location of service village has been determined
with regard to convenience and location of middle school. The population
of the service village is expected to be in range of 4,000 to 5,000. It
will however, have a command area containing a population of 8,000 to
3. Service Town: The service
town is to provide essential social and economic services in the command
area, which extends to a group of 12 basic and 3 service villages. The
population of a service town is expected to be in the range of 8,000 to
10,000. It will, however, have a command area containing a population
range from 32,000 to 40,000..
4. Market Town: The
market town is at the apex of the area for rural development and is expected
to provide the commercial, economic and social services at highest order.
The total population of the market town is expected to be in the range
of 20,000 to 50,000. It will, however, have a command area containing
population range from 1,16,000 to 1,70,000.
proposed settlement pattern in Tripura includes:
Centre . Growth Point
Centre & Service Centre