issues of habitat are considered the vital indicators for assessing the
living condition of human population in an identified geographical area.
The State of Tripura, remains predominantly rural with 84.70% population
living in the rural sector.
The rural population of Tripura is distributed
over census 856 villages in four districts. The village size, classified
on the basis of basis of population indicate that largest number of villages
(274) have 2000-4999 population and only 3 villages have more than 10,000
population. About 265 villages have less than 1000 population.
Number of village classified by Population size in Tripura: 1981
Census of India, 1981]
Number of Rural Households and percentage occupying Pucca, Semi Pucca
and Kucha houses, 1991
Anon, 1995. Housing and Amenities for Districts, cities and Towns. Occ.
Paper 5 of 1994. Demography, Training and Data Dissemination Division.
Census of India]
regard to the service sector, only 30.60% of the total housing have access
to safe drinking water in the state of Tripura as against national average
of 55.34%. This again reflects the present status of living condition
of more than 80% of the people of state remain much below the desired
terms of toilet facilities, 62.43% of rural households in Tripura are
reported to have access to such facilities as against Indian average of
9.48%; if this data is authenticated, Tripura stands second to Lakshadweep.
urban centers of the State can be classified into 6 categories viz. Class
I (100,000 and above), II (50,000-99,999), III (20,000-49,999), IV (10,000-19,999),
V (5,000-9,999) and VI (less than 5,000). The census data of 1991 show
that a total of 18 urban centers are known from Tripura, of which only
one belongs to class I category (Agartala) and the largest number (7)
belong to class II categories. Census data of 2001 show that total number
of urban centers have increased to 23, of which West Tripura district
has the largest number of urban centers i.e. 13 followed by South and
North and Dhalai district. (Table-95).
Number of Urban Centers by size Class
: Census of India, 1991 & Census of India, 2001, Govt. of India]
rural and urban populations break up of the State shows that West Tripura
district has the highest population in both the categories while Dhalai
district reflects the lowest in the State (Table-96).
: Census of India, 2001, Govt. of India]
in Tripura and India
Census of India 1991]
Housing and Amenities office of the Register general of Census Commission,
terms of accessibility to safe drinking water, 71.12% people are reported
to have the access as against national average of 81.38%. Taking urban
and rural population together only 37.18% people of Tripura have access
to safe drinking water as against 62.30% on a national average (Table-99).
of household with access to safe drinking water (Rural –Urban combined)
Housing and Amenities Occ. Paper 5, office of the Register general of
Census Commission, 1995]