The State of Tripura
with locational constraints and limited resources has shown serious concern
about environment - management in the region.
The Environment Department however remains small with the majority of
the work being carried out by the State Pollution Control Board.
Atlas and Regional Plan :
Tripura is the first state in India to have prepared a 'Zoning of Atlas',
(2000) providing detailed information on the suitable locations for
future industrial development. The document has provided for the first
time Reference Map, Sensitive - Zone map. This has been followed by
Regional Plan for Tripura with a futuristic projection up to 2021 AD.
Based on the performances of the State Government, specially Tripura
State Pollution Control Board. Tripura has been selected as one of the
four states in India for setting up Control of Excellence dealing with
Environmental Planning. To support the venture Ministry of Environment
and Forest and Central Pollution Control will provide full infrrustcture
and Manpower support.
The State Board has introduced a programme for periodic monitoring of
surface water (lakes and rivers) and ground water (shallow and deep
tube well). Under MINRAS programme continuous monitoring of two surface
water and two selected ground water status are being carried out; a
proposal for covering 7 additional stations has been sent to CPCB. Air
quality monitoring is also being periodically at selected sites. Auto-emission
testing however show a declining number of vehicles (between 1992-93
and 1996 97) being tested; after 1996-97 till 2000 -2001, no testing
was done. While noise level monitoring has also been done periodically,
the regulatory mechanism appears weak.
As a part of regulatory mechanism industrial works require prior consent
for operation from TSPCB. The available data shows that till March 2001,
as many as 1986 number of consent letters have been Issued (Starting
from 1988-89) which include letter to establish new units (1238) and
Renewal of Consent (748).
TSPCB has establish a mechanism to receive public complaints and take
necessary action after inspection. The available figure of 1999 - 2000
renewal that more than 80% complaints have been attended to.
The Tripura State Pollution Control Board is acting as the Regional
Resource Agency for Conducting and monitoring National Environment Awareness
motivating NGOs, Educational Institutions, Panchayates and other organisations.
Besides NEAC programme by observing World Environment Day and other
The State Government has taken initiatives in the 3 new Panchayats connected
(a) Solid Waste Management : In Agartala
Municipality Area , in collaboration with local NGO's and technically
qualified firms .The organic compost is likely to be used by Tea Gardens
(b) Hazardous Waste Management : A
report has been proposed with inventory of Hazardous Waste in collaboration
with the National Productivity Council (NPC) . An action plan is being
prepared for safe disposal.
(c) Bio-Medical Waste Management :
To comply with GOI rules, an advisory Committee has been formed and meetings
held with local authorities, urban development department, Health Departments
and stake holders .
The State has embarked upon preparation of a 'State of Environment Report'
2001 covering every major sectors in all the four districts of Tripura
. Primary data have been generated at 25 sampling stations for Air Quality,
surface water and ground water quality and Noise level. This is the second
SOE Report the first being published in 1989.
Capital City Environment Assessment
A new initiative has
been taken to prepare a Capital City Report on Environmental status specially
for Pollution Level, Waste Management etc., with support from CPCB.
Tripura is well known for beautiful lakes TSPCB has initiated a study
of four major lakes of Tripura. The study is aimed at finding water quality
and suggesting appropriate management strategy.