Methodology

The steps involved in the methodology followed are briefly given below.
Step 1 :

Identification of a search area based on discussions of the results of the District-wise Zoning Atlas with all concerned Authorities of the State and District (maximum size - 10 km x 10 km) and identification of the size of the surrounding area (maximum of 25 km radius) based on possible impact/risks resulting from intended industrial development. The following factors are considered for identifying the search area:

  • Transportation facility: distance from existing railway line and highway
  • Electricity: nearness or distance of various pre-final sites from nearest existing sub-station/power plant
  • Nearness to the major settlement: distance of nearest major settlement from all the pre-final candidate sites
  • Water availability: distance from source of water supply for domestic and industrial purposes
  • Distance from existing industrial areas
  • Distance from sensitive zones
  • Land ownership: Government or private land
  • Land availability - extent of land to suit to the industrialisation demand
  • Drainage: distance of major rivers or drains from the pre-final sites
  • Environmental sensitivity - based on Zoning Atlas results or rapid as

Step. 2

Preparation of a base map of the study area (area identified in Step II) in 1: 50,000 scale and augmentation of the data required and preparation of various theme maps on characteristics of the area, sensitive zones. air and water related maps and resource areas in the scale of 1: 50.000.

Step. 3

Identification or areas that are to be avoided for siting of Industrial estates based on knocking-out of the areas with high environmental sensitivity and risks involved, resource areas and areas with physical or social constraints.

These areas/zones include:

  • Municipalities, Nagar Panchayats, Municipal Corporations and areas upto 25 km around metropolitan cities for 15 categories of scheduled industries
  • Sensitive zones - environmental/legal/social/physical constraints (forests, biosphere reserves, national parks, sanctuaries, monuments, heritage sites, tribal areas, religious places, etc.); areas upto 25 km around national parks, sanctuaries and scheduled heritage sites and wetlands for 15 categories of scheduled industries
  • High-risk areas - air pollution/water pollution considerations - drinking water
    source, organised bathing areas, catchment areas of irrigation projects, recreational areas, recharge area, springs, etc.
  • Contaminated/polluted areas
  • Water bodies, flood prone areas, areas prone to frequent natural disaster . Hilly areas (areas with slopes more than 1 :4.5)
  • Prominent tourism areas, religious places, protected tribal areas etc.
  • Prime agricultural lands (double crops, command areas, plantations, Class , 1,11,111 of land capability)
  • 1/2 km from National Highway and railway lines
  • 1/2km from monuments
  • 1 km from public supply intakes from ground water .
  • 1 km from ground water recharge areas
  • upto 3 km in u/s of watersheds of public supply water intakes in the surface waters and those feeding to organised bathing


Step - 4:
Identification of candidate sites based on socio-economic factors from the areas other than those knocked-out based on environmental sensitivity/risks and arriving at
final candidate sites. The considerations include:

  • Transportation facility: distance from existing railway line and highway
  • Electricity: nearness or distance of various pre-final sites from nearest existing sub-station/power plant
  • Nearness to the major settlement: distance of nearest major settlement from all the pre-final candidate sites
  • Water availability: distance from source of water supply for domestic and industrial purposes
  • Distance from existing industrial areas
  • Distance from sensitive zone
  • land availability - extent of land to suit to the industrialisation demand
  • land ownership: Government or private land
  • Drainage: distance of major rivers or drains from the pre-final sites
  • Environmental sensitivity - based on Zoning Atlas results or rapid assessment


Step - 5
land use sensitivity assessment for the candidate sites

Step - 6

Identification of potential sites for setting up of industrial estates based on land sensitivity assessment (as in Step 5) and socio-economic considerations (ref step 4)

Step - 7

Air and water pollution sensitivity assessment for the potenlial siles and idenlificc of suitable and unsuilable industries.

  • Step - 8

    Recommendations on:
  • Site(s) for industrial estates
  • Suilability to industries.
  • Environmental management concept
  • Layout planning of the estate
  • Effluent treatment system design - choice of technology
  • Comprehensive waste managemen
  • Surveillance monitoring
  • Land use controls
  • Considerations for issuing consent to establish
 
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